|ERIC ED242157: Investigating Skill Transfer from a Domestic Training Site to the Actual Homes of Three Severely Handicapped Students. - ERIC|
The study was designed to investigate transfer of training for a nonschool Domestic Training Site (DTS) to the actual homes of three severely handicapped students aged 9-11. Pre- and posttest measures were secured in both the DTS and actual homes. All instruction occurred in the DTS. Phase I was designed to investigate the extent to which the students transferred the responses to relevant cues acquired in the DTS to their actual homes...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Daily Living Skills; Severe Disabilities; Transfer of Training
|ERIC ED333638: Vulnerability and Resiliency: Focus on Children, Youth, and Families with Disabilities. CYDLINE Reviews. - ERIC|
This bibliography focuses on resiliency in children and youth with disabilities and chronic illnesses and in their families. The materials included address factors associated with the successful adaptation of children and their families to the many demands of chronic illness and disability. The bibliography contains approximately 35 references to books, articles, and book sections on resiliency in general; approximately 55 annotated entries for books, articles, and book sections on resiliency in...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Adjustment (to Environment); Chronic Illness; Disabilities; Family Problems; Family Relationship; Personality Traits
|ERIC ED231926: Supplementary Services for Handicapped Students Health Education Paraprofessionals Program. O.E.E. Evaluation Report, 1981-82. - ERIC|
In 1981-82, the Health Education Paraprofessionals program of the New York City Public Schools Division of Special Education provided supplementary instruction in hygiene and self care, and outreach services to 335 severely handicapped students, aged 5 to 21. Of the program participants, 292 received training in toilet habits and self care, and 43, who were identified as hepatitis-B carriers, were instructed in proper hygiene and adaptive social behaviors...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Disabilities; Hygiene; Program Effectiveness; Program Implementation; Self Care Skills; Skill Development; Special Education
|ERIC ED300950: The Feasibility of Adopting a Functional Definition of Disabilities: A Policy Analysis and Recommendations. - ERIC|
The report examines implications of applying a functional rather than categorical definition of disabilities to Connecticut's services for the developmentally disabled. Specific objectives included preparation of an overview of services available, an analysis of policy options and system constraints, an analysis of the implications of reorganizing services, and a discussion of implementation phases...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Definitions; Delivery Systems; Developmental Disabilities; Eligibility; Human Services; Policy Formation; State Programs; State Standards
|ERIC ED350795: Psychosocial Factors Associated with the Use of Technological Assistance. - ERIC|
This follow-up study was conducted to assess changes in functioning and adjustment over time of individuals with spinal cord injuries who had participated in 1986 and 1988 studies. The original studies interviewed five adult males with quadriplegia about the use of their assistive technologies and about how easily, comfortably, and effectively they operated them and under what conditions and circumstances they experienced difficulties...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Adults; Assistive Devices (for Disabled); Equipment Utilization; Followup Studies; Individual Development; Longitudinal Studies; Males; Neurological Impairments; Personality Traits; Self Evaluation (Individuals)
|ERIC ED266592: Behavioral Training Strategies and Applied Research in Competitive Employment. - ERIC|
The paper proposes a conceptual framework with which to view employability of persons with severe disabilities. The central features of autonomy of adaptability in applied research programs in competitive employment are examined. Strategies to promote autonomy of performance are identified: self-control techniques, withdrawal of treatment components (sequential withdrawal, partial withdrawal, and partial-sequential-withdrawal), and traditional behavior change techniques...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Behavior Change; Employment; Employment Potential; Job Skills; Self Control; Severe Disabilities; Theories; Training Methods; Vocational Adjustment
|ERIC ED370263: Interventions To Promote Adaptive Behavior Skills: DEC Recommended Practices. - ERIC|
This paper lists practices recommended by the Council for Exceptional Children's Division for Early Childhood concerning the promotion of adaptive behavior skills in early intervention and early childhood special education programs for infants and young children with special needs and their families. An introductory section defines adaptive behavior in early childhood to include the components of self-care, community self-sufficiency, personal-social responsibility, and social adjustment...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Disabilities; Early Childhood Education; Early Intervention; Educational Assessment; Educational Practices; Educational Quality; Program Development; Special Education; Special Needs Students
|ERIC ED256102: Discover the World of Independent Living: An Independent Living Skills Curriculum and a Guide to the Implementation of the Curriculum. October 1, 1981-December 31, 1984. - ERIC|
This independent living skills curriculum addresses the needs of developmentally handicapped students ages 13-19. Designed to supplement the existing curriculum, nine units focus on the following skill areas: social skills (self-esteem, self-identity, social communication and interaction, goal development, problem solving, developing sexual identity); health (personal care and hygiene, health care, safety, first aid); home management (house cleaning, identification and use of hand tools, using t...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Adolescents; Curriculum Guides; Daily Living Skills; Developmental Disabilities; Hearing Impairments; Normalization (Handicapped); Physical Disabilities; Self Care Skills; Social Adjustment; Visual Impairments
|ERIC ED286301: Adaptive Behavioral Outcomes in Adolescents with Developmental Language Disorders. - ERIC|
Eighteen people (with ages ranging from 7 to 22 years) who had been diagnosed as aphasic 10 years previously were assessed in terms of current functioning to test the hypothesis that, since the subjects had a specific language disorder, other areas of adaptive development should be relatively spared, and communication scores should be significantly lower than self-help and socialization measures. A battery of cognitive, receptive and expressive language, and adaptive behavior measures was admini...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Aphasia; Behavior Patterns; Elementary Secondary Education; Expressive Language; Language Acquisition; Language Handicaps; Longitudinal Studies; Receptive Language; Self Care Skills; Socialization
|ERIC ED285296: Home Environment of Handicapped Children. - ERIC|
The study examined the interaction between the developmental condition of nonhandicapped and handicapped children and the psychosocial climate of the home. Mothers of 34 nonhandicapped, 22 Down syndrome, and 18 language impaired children (mean ages 3.5 years) participated in a study which used the Family Environment Scale (FES) to evaluate the psychosocial climate of the home, the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale to assess developmental status of the child, and collected related demographic and ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Child Development; Downs Syndrome; Family Environment; Family Influence; Language Handicaps; Mothers; Normalization (Handicapped); Young Children
|ERIC ED297540: Least Restrictive Environment: Commitment to Implementation. Proceedings of the National Leadership Conference (Indianapolis, Indiana, May 20-21, 1987). - ERIC|
The document consists of proceedings from the 1987 Leadership Conference on the topic of least restrictive environment (LRE) for severely disabled students. Contents include the following presentations: "The OSEP (Office of Special Education Programs) Plan for LRE" (G. Thomas Bellamy); "Bringing about Integrated Community-Based Programs for Students with Severe Handicaps" (Wayne Sailor); "Quality Indicators of Exemplary High School Programs for Students with Severe Handicaps" (Barbara Wilcox); "...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Administrator Role; Community Programs; Cooperation; Delivery Systems; Demonstration Programs; Elementary Secondary Education; Mainstreaming; Normalization (Handicapped); Parent Role; School Districts; Severe Disabilities
|ERIC ED265688: Current Practices in Diagnosing the Mentally Retarded. - ERIC|
School psychologists (N=119) were surveyed regarding current practices in diagnosing children with mental retardation. Results showed a wide range of responses for diagnostic criteria. Substantial discrepancies were found in relative weight given to intelligence and adaptive behavior, IQ cut-offs and ranges, importance of various areas of adaptive behavior, adaptive behavior deficits, and academic performance deficits...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Clinical Diagnosis; Criteria; Elementary Secondary Education; Handicap Identification; Intelligence Quotient; Mental Retardation; School Psychologists; Surveys
|ERIC ED315971: Assessing and Developing the Adaptive Functioning of Handicapped Children and Youth. Final Report [October 1984-September 1987]. - ERIC|
The project sought to clarify the nature and structure of adaptive functioning and to address methodological issues in its assessment, in order to improve placement, evaluation, and instructional decision-making related to adaptive functioning. Project components included: (1) exploration of the structure of adaptive behavior; (2) comparison of adaptive functioning performance as a function of level of disability; (3) comparison of adaptive functioning performance as a function of level of educa...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Disabilities; Elementary Secondary Education; Environmental Influences; Evaluation Methods; Intervention; Mainstreaming; Preschool Education; Research Methodology; Student Evaluation; Student Placement
|ERIC ED326140: Labeling Learning Disabled College Students. - ERIC|
Ten University of Montevallo (Alabama) students diagnosed as having learning disabilities were interviewed concerning their feelings about being labeled learning disabled, their strategies for coping with the disability, their outlook for the future, advice for other learning-disabled students, and services offered by the university. Eight of the students felt that the term "disabled" was inappropriate to describe their situation, and preferred such terms as learning style difference or learning...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); College Students; Coping; Higher Education; Labeling (of Persons); Learning Disabilities; Student Adjustment; Student Attitudes; Student Personnel Services; Student Problems
|ERIC ED332390: Adaptive Behavior. Abstract 26. Research & Resources on Special Education. - ERIC|
The abstract sheet summarizes research reported in "Assessing and Developing the Adaptive Functioning of Handicapped Children and Youth" by Robert H. Bruininks. The research concerned the dimensions of adaptive behavior, its usefulness in placement and eligibility decisions, and differences between ratings of students' adaptive behavior by persons in various roles. The first group of investigations included: a study of the structure of adaptive behavior as a function of age, developmental level,...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Behavior Problems; Daily Living Skills; Decision Making; Disabilities; Elementary Secondary Education; Eligibility; Intelligence; Research Methodology; Student Evaluation; Student Placement
|ERIC ED320957: The Revision of an Instrument To Measure the Capacity of Hearing Impaired Adolescents To Cope. Progress Report No. 2. - ERIC|
A study was undertaken to develop a valid, reliable measure of coping skills for use with hearing impaired adolescents. Subjects included 324 adolescents, aged 15 to 17 years. Through the permission of schools and parents and the cooperation of the Annual Survey of Hearing Impaired Children and Youth of the Center for Assessment and Demographic Studies, background information on the students was obtained...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Adolescents; Construct Validity; Coping; Hearing Impairments; Measures (Individuals); Psychological Testing; Test Construction; Test Reliability; Videotape Recordings
|ERIC ED240791: Familial Social Support for Mildly Mentally Retarded Afro-Americans. - ERIC|
The paper describes a study of the relationship between social support and well-being among 24 mildly mentally retarded Afro-American adults living with family, in group situations, or independently. Detailed observations, interviews, and questionnaires were used to collect data on the structural characteristics of the Ss' networks, use of ties as coping mechanisms, nature of transactions between study participants and ties, and the qualitative aspects of specific critical social ties...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Adjustment (to Environment); Adults; Blacks; Family Relationship; Friendship; Mild Mental Retardation; Social Adjustment; Social Influences
|ERIC ED329035: Deinstitutionalization of Persons with Mental Retardation: The Impact on Daily Living Skills. - ERIC|
This review of the literature focuses on the effects of deinstitutionalization (moving from state institutions to community living arrangements) on the adaptive behavior of persons with mental retardation. The selection process for the 18 studies receiving in-depth review is detailed. Two tables detail changes in three categories of behavior for study subjects: (1) overall adaptive behavior score; (2) change in one or more of seven specific types of adaptive behavior; and (3) change in problem b...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Basic Skills; Behavior Change; Behavior Problems; Daily Living Skills; Deinstitutionalization (of Disabled); Longitudinal Studies; Mental Retardation; Meta Analysis; Self Care Skills
|ERIC ED245510: Evaluation and Training of Community Living Skills for Severely Retarded Adolescents. Final Report. - ERIC|
The report describes goals and accomplishments of a project designed to develop an assessment and training system for secondary level severely handicapped students. The project focused on developing program-related assessment in functional self-care and community living skills. Ten project objectives and their sub objectives are listed in the introductory section, along with information on the theoretical basis of the Community Living Assessment System (CLAS) and its accompanying curriculum mate...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Curriculum Development; Daily Living Skills; Lesson Plans; Secondary Education; Self Care Skills; Severe Disabilities; Student Evaluation
|ERIC ED245512: Autistic Integration Model, 1981-1982, Year III. Final Report. - ERIC|
The report presents information on the Autistic Integration Model (AIM), an approach designed to promote maximum community acceptance of severely autistic adolescents in a public high school setting through community integration and student skill building. The first thrust of AIM was to help each student develop functional skills within specific community target sites, to decrease maladaptive behaviors that interfered with community acceptance, and to increase adaptive behavior skills...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Adjustment (to Environment); Adolescents; Autism; Basic Skills; Community Resources; Daily Living Skills; Mainstreaming; Vocational Adjustment
|ERIC ED244490: Increasing Career and Life Skills for Handicapped Youth through a Specialized Instructional Program in the Arts. Final Report. - ERIC|
The report describes achievements of a 3-year program designed to teach career and life skill objectives to moderately and severely handicapped youth through arts strategies. Activities are summarized for each project year, beginning with hiring staff and identifying personnel and students at model sites (year 1); providing inservice training based on the developed materials and collecting and reviewing field test data (year 2); and identifying career opportunities in the arts for moderately and...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Aesthetic Education; Art Activities; Career Education; Creative Activities; Curriculum Development; Daily Living Skills; Disabilities; Program Descriptions; Severe Disabilities; Teacher Attitudes
|ERIC ED249689: Coping with Adolescence: Perspectives of Retarded Individuals and Their Family. - ERIC|
Retrospective accounts of the nature of adolescence as experienced by mildly handicapped individuals were gathered through indepth conversations and interviews over an 18 month period with 48 mildly retarded adults (ages 22 to 60) living independently in the community. Structured life history interviews were also conducted with parents or other close family members of 37 of the 46 subjects. Questions focused on the impact of the handicapped child on the family and the child's developmental histo...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Adjustment (to Environment); Adolescent Development; Adolescents; Adults; Developmental Disabilities; Developmental Stages; Emotional Adjustment; Family Relationship; Mild Mental Retardation; Parent Attitudes; Stress Variables
|ERIC ED231129: The Physically/Medically Handicapped Student in the Regular Classroom. - ERIC|
The guide outlines modifications, adaptations, and social interaction approaches for school staff to use with physically handicapped and regular students in integrated classrooms in the province of Alberta, Canada. Guidelines are provided for the following main categories and subsets (in parentheses): lifting and transferring techniques (methods of lifting, preparation for a lift and transfer, and the standing transfer); positioning techniques (such as alternate sidelying) for the student to att...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Accessibility (for Disabled); Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Building Design; Daily Living Skills; Guidelines; Lifting; Mainstreaming; Media Selection; Nonverbal Communication; Physical Disabilities; Social Integration; Teacher Role
|ERIC ED346678: Decision Support System Development for the Treatment of Maladaptive Behaviors. - ERIC|
The Mental Retardation-Expert (MR-E) is a microcomputer based expert decision support system that provides practitioners with state of the art assistance in the treatment of aggressive, self injurious, and destructive behaviors displayed by individuals with mental retardation or developmental disabilities. This system, based on human experts and the current scientific literature, leads the practitioner through a functional assessment of the problem behaviors...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Aggression; Behavior Change; Behavior Problems; Decision Making; Evaluation Methods; Expert Systems; Intervention; Mental Retardation; Microcomputers; Self Mutilation
|ERIC ED361810: Integrating the Student with a Disability into Student Media. - ERIC|
Although campus newspapers, magazines, radio stations, television stations, yearbooks and literary magazines should be an essential element in the educational mix of the student with a disability who wants a career in mass media, the nature of student media presents a number of discouraging factors. Student media frequently become businesses of considerable size which are limited by extraordinarily tight budgets...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Accessibility (for Disabled); Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); College Students; Disabilities; Disability Discrimination; Equal Education; Experiential Learning; Higher Education; Mass Media; School Newspapers; Student Publications
|ERIC ED331248: Childhood Epilepsy and Asthma: Family Strengths Associated with Child Adaptation. - ERIC|
This study aimed to describe demographic, seizure, and family characteristics associated with good and poor adaptation to childhood epilepsy and contrast them with demographic, asthma, and family characteristics associated with good and poor adaptation to childhood asthma. Children with asthma were selected as a comparison sample because epilepsy and asthma are both chronic medical conditions that are characterized by unpredictable episodes that generally require regular intake of medication and...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Adjustment (to Environment); Asthma; Comparative Analysis; Coping; Elementary Education; Epilepsy; Family Characteristics; Parent Attitudes; Stress Variables
|ERIC ED374592: Academic Coping Skills and College Expectations of Learning Disabled High School Students. - ERIC|
This study assessed the level of academic coping skills being employed by 59 college-bound high school students with learning disabilities (LD), assessed the college-related expectations of these students, and compared these skills and expectations with those identified as essential by successful college students with learning disabilities. Administration of a high school modification of the College Student Experience Questionnaire and another questionnaire revealed that: (1) approximately 85 pe...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); College Bound Students; College Students; Coping; High School Students; High Schools; Higher Education; Learning Disabilities; Student Personnel Services; Study Skills
|ERIC ED229626: Disability in Rural America: A Four-County Needs Assessment. Final Report. - ERIC|
A study assessed the needs of disabled persons living in four rural counties in Arkansas, Texas, and Oklahoma. Using a combination of forced-choice and in-depth probe questions, researchers surveyed a sample of 456 disabled Americans to identify the problems that these people were facing in their day-to-day living, the consequences of their problems, and the techniques they used to cope with their problems...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Coping; Disabilities; Educational Needs; Health Needs; Health Services; Individual Needs; Needs Assessment; Psychological Needs; Questionnaires; Rural Areas; Vocational Rehabilitation
|ERIC ED372586: The Adjustment of Learning Disabled Adults: A Review of the Current Literature. - ERIC|
This paper reviews research relevant to the adjustment of adults with learning disabilities (LD) in the areas of academic, occupation/vocational, social, and personal/emotional functioning. After an introduction, methodological concerns are raised in the areas of sampling, definitions, experimental designs, and instrumentation. The review concludes that LD adults have increased difficulties in all areas of functioning...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Adjustment (to Environment); Adults; Early Intervention; Emotional Adjustment; Intervention; Learning Disabilities; Needs Assessment; Social Adjustment; Student Adjustment; Vocational Adjustment
|ERIC ED369836: Social Skills, Grade 4 and Above. Annotated Bibliography of Tests. - ERIC|
This bibliography of 171 tests includes measures of the ability to maintain a satisfactory relationship with others or to acquire fundamental social skills. Tests for a variety of populations are represented including those for mentally retarded, disadvantaged, and emotionally disturbed individuals. This document is one in a series of topical bibliographies from the Test Collection (TC) at Educational Testing Service (ETS) containing descriptions of more than 18,000 tests and other measurement d...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Adults; Annotated Bibliographies; Behavior Disorders; Behavior Problems; Behavior Rating Scales; Elementary Secondary Education; Higher Education; Interpersonal Competence; Personality Measures; Social Behavior
|ERIC ED331249: Childhood Epilepsy and Asthma: A Test of an Extension of the Double ABCX Model. - ERIC|
The Double ABCX Model of Family Adjustment and Adaptation, a model that predicts adaptation to chronic stressors on the family, was extended by dividing it into attitudes, coping, and adaptation of parents and child separately, and by including variables relevant to child adaptation to epilepsy or asthma. The extended model was tested on 246 children (126 with epilepsy and 120 with asthma, ages 8-12), using data gathered in interviews and questionnaires involving the children, their mothers, and...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Adjustment (to Environment); Asthma; Attitudes; Comparative Analysis; Coping; Elementary Education; Epilepsy; Family Characteristics; Models; Parent Attitudes; Predictor Variables; Stress Variables
|MIT 9.20 Animal Behavior, Fall 2013 - MIT OpenCourseWare|
Instructor: Prof. Gerald SchneiderThe introductory topics will cover various approaches to the study of animals and their behavior. Key concepts in studies of animal behavior, emphasizing ethology, are covered in class and in the assigned readings from Scott (2005), supplemented by selections from other books, especially from classics in the field as well as selected videos. Next, key concepts in sociobiology are covered using readings from Alcock (2001), supplemented by selections from addition...
Keywords: animal behavior; sociobiology; mating behaviors; altruism; path analysis; group selection; fitness; ethology; behavioral organization; behavioral ecology; naturalists; behavioral evolution; reproduction; antipredatory behavior; foraging; feeding; adaptive behavior; learning; imprinting
|ERIC ED305777: Exploring the Structure of Adaptive Behavior: Project Report Number 87-1. - ERIC|
This report presents results from three research studies that were designed to explore both the definition and the structure of the adaptive behavior construct. The first study investigated the structure of adaptive behavior as a function of age, developmental level, and type of handicap through an exploratory factor analysis of both the individual items and the subscales of the "Scales of Independent Behavior." Samples for the study consisted of 1,958 nonretarded individuals from preschool-age ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Ability; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Adults; Age Differences; Behavior Problems; Behavior Rating Scales; Educational Diagnosis; Elementary Secondary Education; Factor Analysis; Intellectual Development; Interpersonal Competence; Mental Retardation; Preschool Education; Severe Disabilities; Student Evaluation; Test Theory
|ERIC ED305762: The Georgia Feasibility Study: The Development of Alternative Community Services for the Current Residents of Georgia Retardation Center and the Southwest Developmental Center at Bainbridge. - ERIC|
The report explores the feasibility of placing 565 severely mentally retarded residents of the Georgia Retardation Center and Southwestern Developmental Center at Bainbridge, Georgia, in alternative community living and daytime arrangements. The seven mental retardation service areas which had placed most of these residents were the focus of intensive review through site visits, systematic surveys, key-informant interviews, and review of existing records...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Adult Day Care; Adults; Agency Role; Community Programs; Community Support; Cost Estimates; Deinstitutionalization (of Disabled); Delivery Systems; Financial Support; Group Homes; Mainstreaming; Program Costs; Recruitment; Rehabilitation; Residential Programs; Severe Mental Retardation; Staff Utilization
|ERIC ED308669: A National Survey on the Taxonomy of Community Living Skills. Working Paper 87-4. COMPETE: Community-Based Model for Public-School Exit and Transition to Employment. - ERIC|
This paper is a product of Project COMPETE, a service demonstration project undertaken for the purpose of developing and validating a model and training sequence to improve transition services for moderately, severely, and profoundly retarded youth. The paper describes the Taxonomy of Community Living Skills, an organized statement of instructional goals to aid in curriculum development for persons with mental retardation...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Classification; Community Involvement; Daily Living Skills; Education Work Relationship; Homemaking Skills; Leisure Time; Moderate Mental Retardation; Normalization (Handicapped); Self Care Skills; Severe Mental Retardation; Student Educational Objectives; Travel Training; Vocational Education
|ERIC ED289185: A Deaf Child Born to Hearing Parents: Communicative Disruptions, Implications and Adjustments. - ERIC|
Noting that when a deaf child is born to hearing parents, problems arise due to the language barrier, this paper discusses the kinds of disruptions hearing parents experience with the birth of a deaf child, the implications such an impairment has on development and language acquisition, and the adjustments made for such a child. Following an introduction which suggests that a child may have many meanings for parents, the first section of the paper presents the stages of development from birth to...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Communication Disorders; Communication Research; Communication Skills; Coping; Deafness; Family Life; Family Problems; Grandparents; Hearing Impairments; Interpersonal Communication; Language Handicaps; Lipreading; Manual Communication; Oral Communication Method; Parent Child Relationship; Siblings; Sign Language; Speech Handicaps
|ERIC ED284379: Parents and Transition: A Self-Teaching Workbook. - ERIC|
This self-teaching workbook is designed to provide parents of developmentally disabled adolescents with basic information about the transition of severely handicapped youth from secondary school into community living. An initial parent quiz is followed by six chapters which address the following topics: (1) "What Is Transition?"; (2) "The MESH (Montana Model for Education of the Severely Handicapped) Model for Transition"; (3) "Parent Roles in Transition Planning"; (4) "Parents and the Individua...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Adolescents; Coping; Daily Living Skills; Developmental Disabilities; Leisure Time; Normalization (Handicapped); Parent Education; Parent Materials; Parent Responsibility; Parent Role; Rehabilitation; Secondary Education; Severe Disabilities; Social Adjustment; Transitional Programs; Vocational Adjustment; Young Adults
|ERIC ED276164: The Older Developmentally Disabled Client. - ERIC|
Characteristics of the older developmentally disabled adult were studied in an examination of data collected on 485 randomly selected clients in four age categories; 18 and under (N=74), 19-54 (N=336), 55-64 (N=48), and 65 and over (N=27). Medical and physical problems were assessed, including general health, mobility problems, and prescription of medications. Among clients ages 65 and over, 50% were classified as having a life-threatening physical condition, compared to 11% of clients aged 55-6...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Client Characteristics (Human Services); Developmental Disabilities; Drug Therapy; Hyperactivity; Middle Aged Adults; Older Adults; Physical Health; Physical Mobility; Place of Residence; Self Care Skills; Social Adjustment
|ERIC ED293226: A Guide to Higher Education for Learning Disabled Students: An Educational Handbook for Students, Parents and Counselors Including a Directory of Learning Disability Services in Mid-Atlantic Colleges and Universities. - ERIC|
This guide to college selection for learning disabled (LD) students was based on questionnaire responses received from 255 colleges, junior colleges, and universities in Connecticut, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island. An initial chapter discusses decision making timelines and offers suggestions to parents and counselors...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Admission Criteria; Adolescents; College Admission; College Applicants; College Choice; College Environment; Decision Making; Eligibility; Higher Education; Institutional Characteristics; Learning Disabilities; School Choice; Student Rights
|ERIC ED260194: Designing for Functional Limitations. The Worksite. Revised. - ERIC|
This resource presents the functional effects of chronic disabilities in order to aid those persons who must plan environments usable by persons with disabilities. The guide does not concern architectural accessibility per se, but rather discusses designing the worksite to be usable by a disabled person. In the guide, drawings are provided for office (worksite 1) and factory (worksite 2) settings for each of the following disabilities: difficulty in interpreting information; limitation of sight;...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Accessibility (for Disabled); Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Adults; Design Requirements; Disabilities; Models; Normalization (Handicapped); Occupational Safety and Health; Physical Mobility; Rehabilitation; Vocational Adjustment; Vocational Rehabilitation; Work Environment
|ERIC ED284380: Planning for Transition: An Implementation Guide for Administrators and Teachers. - ERIC|
This implementation guide, based on the MESH model (Montana Model for Education of the Severely Handicapped), is intended to assist administrators and teachers in planning for the transition of special education students from one placement to another, with emphasis on preparation for community living and independent functioning. The 11 modules contained in the guide have the following titles and subtopics: (1) "The Transition Model" (planning, training, placement); (2) "What Difference Does Tran...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Agency Cooperation; Community Role; Daily Living Skills; Developmental Disabilities; Education Work Relationship; Elementary Secondary Education; Normalization (Handicapped); Parent Role; Severe Disabilities; Transitional Programs
|ERIC ED292279: Using Transitions in Program Planning: A Practical Approach. - ERIC|
Several models have been developed to aid in selecting appropriate educational content for special needs students. These include the developmental model, behavioral model, categorical model, and environmental or ecological model. The ecological model involves determining the skills that a fully functioning member of society normally performs in the environments that the learner inhabits, analyzing the discrepancies between those skills and the learner's current performance, and making those disc...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Adjustment (to Environment); Curriculum; Developmental Stages; Disabilities; Ecology; Elementary Secondary Education; Individual Development; Individualized Education Programs; Mainstreaming; Models; Normalization (Handicapped); Program Development; Special Education; Student Educational Objectives; Teaching Methods
|ERIC ED291194: Standardized Mass Screening of At-Risk Students: A Multiple Gating Approach. - ERIC|
Reliability and validity data on a procedure for identification of students "at risk" for exhibiting behavior disorders are presented. The Systematic Screening for Behavior Disorders instrument relies upon teacher judgment and normative criteria in three interrelated stages that cross validate the results of each other. Stage 1 has teachers rank students on both "externalizing" and "internalizing" behavioral dimensions...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Behavior Disorders; Behavior Rating Scales; Classroom Observation Techniques; Elementary Education; Handicap Identification; High Risk Students; Screening Tests; Teacher Role; Test Reliability; Test Validity
|ERIC ED283319: First Steps: A Guide for Parents of Children with Developmental Disabilities. - ERIC|
The guide offers information to parents of developmentally disabled children, with special focus on services available in the State of Florida, Section 1, "A Beginning," introduces the guide and states its purposes, and serves to reassure the parents and family members. The next three sections address the needs, rights, and roles of child, parent, and family. They are: (1) "Accepting Your Child" (including a discussion of types of developmental disabilities); (2) "What You Can Do as a Parent"; a...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Child Rearing; Community Services; Daily Living Skills; Developmental Disabilities; Family Involvement; Federal Legislation; Parent Child Relationship; Parent Education; Parent Materials; Parent Responsibility; Parent Rights; Parent Role; Parenting Skills; State Government; State Legislation; State Programs
|ERIC ED297523: [Early Intervention for Handicapped Preschool Children]. - ERIC|
This issue of the newsletter focuses on early intervention for handicapped preschool children. The lead article, entitled "Promoting Independent Work Skills in Handicapped Preschool Children," highlights findings of a project designed to identify critical skills needed for independent functioning in mainstream preschool and kindergarten environments, select target behaviors for intervention, and identify effective intervention procedures...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Adjustment (to Environment); Assistive Devices (for Disabled); Child Development; Courseware; Developmental Stages; Disabilities; Educational Diagnosis; Educational Legislation; High Risk Persons; Infants; Mainstreaming; Normalization (Handicapped); Peer Relationship; Preschool Education; Student Adjustment; Young Children
|ERIC ED276208: Dance for the Handicapped. Focus on Dance IX. - ERIC|
This volume presents a collection of 14 articles, written by professionals active in teaching dance to the handicapped. Different approaches, techniques, and philosophies are presented in the following papers: "Dance for the Handicapped: A Mainstreaming Approach" (C. D. Crain); "The Science of the Art of Giving Directions" (M. Hunter); "Developing Creative Movement Experience for the Handicapped" (N...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adapted Physical Education; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Coping; Dance Education; Dance Therapy; Deafness; Disabilities; Elementary Secondary Education; Emotional Disturbances; Hearing Impairments; Learning Disabilities; Mainstreaming; Motor Development; Movement Education; Self Concept; Self Expression; Sensory Integration; Visual Impairments
|ERIC ED295365: Promoting Effective Transition for Severely Handicapped Youth from School to Work through Training, Intervention, Support and Advocacy. Year 3 and Final Evaluation Report: Project COMPETE, October 1, 1984-September 30, 1987. - ERIC|
The final report describes the objectives and accomplishments of Project COMPETE, a 3-year project in New York State whose purpose was to develop secondary and transitional postsecondary programming for training youth with severe disabilities in skills necessary to achieve a successful transition from school to vocational opportunities in their communities. The project developed programming to meet the future needs of a target population of 290 severely disabled youth (ages 18-21) in vocational,...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Daily Living Skills; Education Work Relationship; Job Placement; Job Skills; Job Training; Postsecondary Education; Secondary Education; Severe Disabilities; Transitional Programs; Vocational Followup; Vocational Rehabilitation; Young Adults
|ERIC ED329038: The Impact of Transition from a Campus Residential Program to a Community-Based Supervised Apartment Program for Youth. - ERIC|
This paper describes implementation of a transition program which resulted in the successful movement of eight young mentally retarded adults from a segregated residential setting to a supervised apartment program in the community. The youth and their families visited the apartments and jointly made the decision to participate in the program. They selected their own rooms and roommates. Training occurred prior to the move in the actual apartments and community in which they would live and work...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Attitude Change; Daily Living Skills; Deinstitutionalization (of Disabled); Independent Living; Mental Retardation; Parent Attitudes; Participant Satisfaction; Quality of Life; Safety Education; Self Care Skills; Social Integration; Student Attitudes; Transitional Programs; Young Adults
|ERIC ED369835: Social Skills, Birth - Age 9. Annotated Bibliography of Tests. - ERIC|
The 150 tests in this bibliography include measures of the ability to maintain a satisfactory relationship with others or to acquire fundamental social skills. Tests for a variety of populations are represented including those for infants, mentally retarded children and other children in classroom situations. This document is one in a series of topical bibliographies from the Test Collection (TC) at Educational Testing Service (ETS) containing descriptions of more than 18,000 tests and other mea...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Annotated Bibliographies; Behavior Disorders; Behavior Problems; Behavior Rating Scales; Child Behavior; Early Childhood Education; Elementary Secondary Education; Interpersonal Competence; Personality Measures; Screening Tests; Social Adjustment
|ERIC ED301982: The Empowerment Dynamic: Planning and Implementing a Support Group Network. - ERIC|
This handbook describes how to plan and implement a support group for disabled youth in transition from school to work. It was developed from the experiences of a 3-year model program entitled Employability Support Network of Disabled Youth (ESN) which used support groups to accomplish its primary goal of creating "employability readiness" for disabled youth ages 16-21. Paired support-group facilitators consisted of a successfully employed disabled individual and a professional service provider...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); Adolescents; Agency Cooperation; Career Guidance; Demonstration Programs; Disabilities; Education Work Relationship; Employment Potential; Empowerment; Group Guidance; Normalization (Handicapped); Secondary Education; Social Support Groups; Young Adults